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沈陽斯特翻譯咨詢有限公司

通遼焊接專業詞匯(中英對照)

信息來源:本站發布時間:2022/10/31 11:23:57

焊接專業英語詞匯(1)

 

熔接

fusion welding

壓接

pressure welding

焊接過程

welding process

焊接技術

welding technique

焊接工藝

welding technology/procedure

焊接操作

welding operation

焊接順序

welding sequence

焊接方向

direction of welding

焊接位置

welding position

熔敷順序

build-up sequence deposition sequence

焊縫傾角

weld slope/inclination of weld axis

焊縫轉角

weld rotation/angle of rotation

平焊位置

flat position of welding

橫焊位置

horizontal position of welding

立焊位置

vertical position of welding

仰焊位置

overhead position of welding

平焊

downhand welding/flat position welding

橫焊

horizontal position welding

立焊

vertical position welding

仰焊

overhead position welding

全位置焊

all position welding:

熔焊時,焊件接逢所處空間位置包括平焊,橫焊,仰焊等位置 所進行的焊接.如水平固定管所進行的環縫焊接 向下立焊

 vertical down welding/downward welding in the vertical position

向上立焊

vertical up welding/upward welding in the vertical position

傾斜焊

inclined position welding

上坡焊

upward welding in the inclined position

下坡焊

downward welding in the inclined position

對接焊

butt welding

角焊

fillet welding

搭接焊

lap welding

船形焊

fillet welding in the downhand position/fillet welding in the flat position

平角焊

horizontal fillet welding

立角焊

fillet welding in the vertical position

仰角焊

fillet welding in the overhead position

坡口焊

groove welding

I 形坡口對接焊

square butt welding

喇叭形坡口焊

flare groove welding

卷邊焊

flanged edge welding

縱縫焊接

welding of longitudinal seam

橫縫焊接

welding of transverse seam 1

環縫焊接

girth welding/ circumferential

螺旋縫焊接

welding of spiral seam/welding of helical seam

環縫對接焊

butt welding of circumferential seam

定位焊

tack welding

單面焊

welding by one side

雙面焊

welding by both sides

單道焊

single pass welding/single run welding

多道焊

multi-pass welding

單層焊

single layer welding

多層焊

multi-layer welding

分段多層焊

block sequence/ block welding

分層多道焊

multi-layer and multi-pass welding

連續焊

continuous welding

斷續焊

intermittent welding

打底焊

backing weld

封底焊

back sealing weld

蓋面焊

cosmetic welding

深熔焊

deep penetration welding

擺動焊

welding with weaving/weave bead welding

前傾焊

foreward welding (英國)/ forehand welding (美國)

后傾焊

backward welding(英國)/ backhand welding(美國)

分段退焊

backstep welding

跳焊

skip welding

對稱焊

balanced welding/ balanced welding sequence

左焊法

leftward welding forehand welding

右焊法

rightward welding/backhand welding

挑弧焊

whipping method

自動焊

automatic welding

手工焊

manual welding/hand welding

車間焊接

shop welding

工地焊接

site welding(英國)/ field welding (美國)

拘束焊接

restraint welding

堆焊

surfacing/building up/overlaying

隔離層堆焊

buttering

端部周邊焊

boxing/end return

返修焊

rewelding

補焊

repair welding

塞焊

plug welding

槽焊

slot welding

襯墊焊

welding with backing

焊劑墊焊

welding with flux backing

窄間隙焊

narrow-gap welding

強制成形焊

enclosed welding

脈沖電弧焊

pulsed are welding

電弧點焊

arc spot welding

螺柱焊

stud welding

熱風焊

hot gas welding

高能焊

high grade energy welding

固態焊接

solid-state welding

單面焊雙面成形

one-side welding with back formation

焊接條件

welding condition

焊接工藝參數

welding parameter

極性

polarity

正接

electrode negative/straight polarity

反接

electrode positive/reversed polarity

運條方式

manipulation of electrode

焊接電流

welding current

焊接電流增加時間

welding current upslope time

焊接電流衰減時間

welding current downslope time

電流密度

current density

短路電流

short circuit current

脈沖電流

pulse level/pulse current level

脈沖電流幅值

pulse current amplitude

基值電流

background level

脈沖頻率

pulse frequency

脈沖焊接電流占空比

duty cycle of pulse duration

電弧電壓

arc voltage

再引弧電壓

reignition voltage

焊接速度

welding speed

行走速度

rate of travel/travel speed

送絲速度

wire feed rate

線能量

heat input/energy input

熱輸入

heat input

預熱

preheat

后熱

postheat

焊后熱處理

posweld heat treatment/postheat treatment

預熱溫度

preheat temperature

層間溫度

interpass temperature

焊接終了溫度

finishing temperature

后熱溫度

postheating temperature

焊絲伸出長度

wire extension

弧長

arc length

熔化速度

melting rate

熔化時間

melting time

熔化系數

melting coefficient

熔敷速度

rate of deposition/deposition rate

熔敷系數

deposition coefficient

熔敷效率

deposition efficiency

損失系數

 loss coefficient

spatter

飛濺率

spatter loss coefficient

融合比

fusion ratio

稀釋

 dilution

稀釋率

 rate of dilution

合金過度系數

transfer efficiency/recovery (of an element)

坡口

 groove

坡口面

 groove face

坡口面角度

 angle of bevel (英國)/ bevel angle (美國)

坡口角度

 included angle(英國)/groove angle(美國)

坡口高度

 groove depth

鈍邊

root face

鈍邊高度

thickness of root face/width of root face

根部間隙

 root gap(英國)/root opening (美國)

根部半徑

 root radius/groove radius

根部銳邊

 root edge

卷邊高度

 height of flange

卷邊半徑

 radius of flange

單面坡口

 single groove

雙面坡口

 double groove

坡口形式

groove type

I 形坡口

 square groove

V 形坡口

 single V groove

Y 形坡口

single V groove with root face

Y 形坡口

 double V groove with root face

帶鈍邊 U 形坡口

single U groove

帶鈍邊雙 U 形坡口

double U groove

VY 形坡口

single compound angle groove

帶鈍邊 J 形坡口

single J groove

帶鈍邊雙 J 形坡口

double J groove

單邊 V 形坡口

single bevel groove

V 形坡口

double V groove

不對稱雙 V 形坡口

asymmetric double V groove

雙單邊 V 形坡口

double bevel groove/K groove

帶墊板 V 形坡口

V groove with backing/ single V groove with backing

喇叭形坡口

flare groove

鎖底坡口

single bevel groove with backing locked

坡形板邊

 tapered edge

焊縫

 weld

接逢

 seam

焊縫符號

 welding symbol 4

焊縫金屬

weld meta

填充金屬

filler metal

熔敷金屬

deposited metal

焊縫表面

weld face/ face of weld

焊縫背面

back of weld

焊縫軸線

axis of weld

焊縫尺寸

size of weld

焊縫寬度

weld width/ width of weld

焊縫長度

weld length/ length of weld

焊縫有效長度

effective length of weld

焊縫厚度

 throat depth/ throat thickness

焊縫計算厚度

theoretical throat

焊縫實際厚度

actual throat

熔深

penetration/ depth of penetration

焊縫成形

appearance of weld

焊縫成形系數

 form factor of weld

余高

 reinforcement/ excess weld metal

背面余高

root reinforcement

削平焊縫

 flush weld/ weld machined flush

 對接焊縫

butt weld

角焊縫

fillet

焊腳

leg/ fillet weld leg

角焊縫斷面形狀

 profile of fillet weld

平形角焊縫

 flat fillet

凸形角焊縫

 convex fillet weld

凹形角焊縫

 concave fillet weld

角焊縫凹度

concavity

側面角焊縫

 side fillet weld/ fillet weld in parallel shear

正面角焊縫

front fillet weld/ fillet weld in normal shear

立角焊縫

fillet weld in the vertical position

橫角焊縫

fillet weld in the horizontal position

平角焊縫

fillet weld in the flat position

斜角焊縫

 oblique fillet weld

連續焊縫

 continuous weld

斷續焊縫

intermittent weld

連續角焊縫

continuous fillet weld

斷續角焊縫

intermittent fillet weld

交錯斷續角焊縫

staggered intermittent fillet weld

并列斷續角焊縫

chain intermittent fillet weld

端接焊縫

edge weld

卷邊焊縫

 flanged edge weld

塞焊焊縫

plug weld

縱向焊縫

longitudinal weld

橫向焊縫

transverse weld

環行焊縫

girth weld/ circumferential weld

螺旋形焊縫

spiral weld/ helical weld

密封焊縫

 seal weld

承載焊縫

strength weld

聯系焊縫

connective weld

定位焊縫

tack weld

焊道

 bead/ run/ pass

焊波

ripple

焊根

weld root/ root of weld

焊趾

weld toe/ toe

封底焊道

sealing run (after making main weld)/ back weld

打底焊道

backing weld (before making main weld)/ back weld

根部焊道

root pass/ root run

填充焊道

filling bead

蓋面焊道

cosmetic bead/ cover pass

回火焊道

temper bead/ annealing bead

熔透焊道

penetration bead

焊層

layer

焊接接頭

welded joint

接頭形狀

joint geometry

等強匹配接頭

equalmatching weld joint

低強匹配接頭

undermatching weld joint

超強匹配接頭

overmatching weld joint

接頭根部

root of joint

對接接頭

butt joint

I 形對接接頭

square butt joint

V 形對接接頭

single V butt joint

U 形對接接頭

single U butt joint

J 形坡口接頭

single J butt joint

V 形對接接頭

double V butt joint

雙單邊 V 形對接接頭

double bevel butt joint/ K groove butt joint

帶鈍邊 U 形對接接頭

double U butt joint

帶鈍邊 J 形坡口接頭

double J joint

角接接頭

corner joint

T 形接頭

 T joint

T 形接頭

inclined T joint

十字接頭

 cruciform joint/ cross-shaped joint

 三聯接頭

 joint among three members

搭接接頭

 lap joint

套管接頭

muff joint/ sleeve joint

雙蓋板接頭

double strapped joint

蓋板接頭

strapped joint

端接接頭

edge joint

卷邊接頭

flanged edge joint

鎖底對接接頭

lock butt joint

斜對接接頭

oblique butt joint

混合接頭

mixed joint/ composite joint

有間隙接頭

open joint

無間隙接頭

closed joint

焊接電弧

welding arc

電弧形態

arc shape

電弧物理行為

arc physics behaviour

引弧

striking arc

引弧電壓

striking voltage

電弧氣氛

arc atmosphere

陰極

cathode

熱陰極

hot cathode

冷陰極

cold cathode

陰極斑點

cathode spot

陰極區

cathode region

陰極區電場強度

intensity of the electric field in the cathode region

陰極壓降

cathode drop

陽極

 anode

陽極斑點

 anode spot

斑點壓力

spot pressure

陽極區

anode region

陽極區電場強度

intensity of the electric field in the anode region

陽極壓降

anode drop

弧柱

 arc column/ arc stream

弧柱壓降

voltage drop in arc column

弧柱電位梯度

 potential gradient in the arc column

弧焰 arc flame

 

弧心

arc core

硬電弧

forceful arc/ hard arc

軟電弧

soft arc

旋轉電弧

rotating arc

脈沖電弧

pulsed arc

脈沖噴射電弧

pulsed spray arc

起皺現象

puckering phenomena

起皺電弧

puckering arc

起皺臨界電流

puckering critical current

間接電弧

indirect arc

壓縮電弧

compressive arc

磁控電弧

magnetic controlling arc

電弧力

arc force

電磁力

electromagnectic force

電磁收縮效應

pinch effect

電弧飄移

wandering of arc

電弧穩定性

arc stability

電弧靜特性

static characteristic of arc

電弧動特性

dynamic characteristic of arc

最小電壓原理

principle of minimum voltage

電弧挺度

arc stiffness

電弧偏吹

arc blow

磁偏吹

magnetic blow

陰極清理作用

cleaning action of the cathode

電弧自身調節

arc self-regulation

挖掘作用

digging action

極性效應

polarity effect

熔滴

droplet

熔滴比表面積

specific surface of droplet

熔滴過渡

metal transfer

過度頻率

 transition frequency

粗滴過渡

 globular transfer; drop transfer

短路過渡

short circuiting transfer

噴射過渡

 spray transfer

旋轉噴射過渡

rotating spray transfer

脈沖噴射過渡

pulsed spray transfer

爆炸過渡

explosive transfer

渣壁過渡

flux wall guided transfer

熔池

 molten pool

沸騰狀熔池

 boiling molten pool

弧坑

 crater

熔渣

slag

渣系

 slag system

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